Whenever a sound wave hits your ear, miniature nerve endings in your inner ear translate them into electric signals that your brain comprehends as sounds. If these nerves are destroyed, or if damage happens in other areas of the inner ear, sensorineural hearing loss can result.
An individual who is suffering from sensorineural deafness isn’t necessarily completely deaf. Instead, it lowers the person’s ability to hear particular sounds. You might notice that some sorts of sounds are much less distinct, while others are too loud for comfort. Noisy environments may make it tough for you to pick out speech patterns. Tracking conversations can become difficult, especially if two or more people are speaking, while men‚Äôs voices may sound sharper than women‚Äôs. Some other symptoms of sensorineural hearing loss are feelings of dizziness or tinnitus (ringing in the ears).
There is no single cause of sensorineural hearing loss that applies to all individuals. Sometimes this form of hearing loss is present since birth. The disorder could have an underlying genetic cause. It can also arise from certain infections which can be passed from mother to child.
As a person matures, sensorineural deafness can be the result of a number of different issues. Contact with an extremely loud noise – also known as acoustic trauma – is one possible reason. The damage can also accumulate from continuous exposure to loud noises. This reason for sensorineural hearing loss is very common among construction workers or musicians.
Many people don’t realize that a virus can lead to sudden, sensorineural hearing loss. The viruses that lead to mumps, measles and meningitis can all result in hearing loss. Meniere’s Disease, a syndrome that causes hearing loss, vertigo and tinnitus, can also lead to fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss. In both cases, corticosteroids may be able to provide relief.
Sensorineural hearing loss can be caused by tumors, as well as sudden changes in air pressure and head trauma. Otosclerosis, a hereditary disorder in which a bony growth in the middle ear disrupts hearing, is another physical cause of sensorineural hearing loss.
There is no doubt that sensorineural hearing loss can significantly decrease your quality of life, but there are ways to address it.